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The Energy Conservation Act, 2001 | EC Act Amendment Bill 2022 PDF download



The Energy Conservation Act, 2001 - Introduction

The Energy Conservation Act, 2001 (ECA) forms the core of the legal framework put in place by India to promote energy efficiency and conservation. ECA came into force with effect from March 1, 2002.


Objectives of the Energy Conservation Act - 2001

  • Provide a policy framework and direction to national energy conservation activities.

  • Coordinate policies and programs on efficient use of energy with stakeholders.

  • Establish systems and procedures to verify measure and monitor Energy Efficiency improvements.

  • Leverage multilateral, bilateral and private sector support to implement the EC Act.

  • Demonstrate Energy Efficiency delivery systems through public-private partnerships.

  • To promote energy efficiency in the country.

Thrust Areas of Energy Conservation Act, 2001

  • Establishment of BEE.

  • Establishment of State Designated Agencies.

  • Identification of Designated Consumers.

  • Energy Conservation Building Code.

  • Energy Efficiency in Govt. Buildings & Establishments

  • Demand Side Management in Power Sector & Agriculture Sector

  • Standards & Labeling Program

  • Energy Managers & Auditors

  • Establishment of Energy Efficiency Delivery Service Mechanism (ESCO)

  • Policy Research in the area of Energy Efficiency.



The Energy Conservation Amendment Bill 2022



The Energy Conservation (Amendment) Bill, 2022 was introduced in Lok Sabha on 03 August 2022. The Bill seeks to amend the Energy Conservation Act, 2001. The Act promotes energy efficiency and conservation. It provides for the regulation of energy consumption by equipment, appliances, buildings, and industries. Key proposals under the Bill are:


  1. mandate use of non-fossil sources, including Green Hydrogen, Green Ammonia, Biomass and Ethanol for energy and feedstock

  2. establish Carbon Markets

  3. bring large residential buildings within the fold of Energy Conservation regime

  4. enhance the scope of Energy Conservation Building Code

  5. amend penalty provisions

  6. increase members in the Governing Council of Bureau of Energy Efficiency

  7. empower the State Electricity Regulatory Commissions to make regulations for smooth discharge of its functions.

The Energy Conservation Act, 2001 - Amendment Bill, 2022 Pdf download

Source- THE ENERGY CONSERVATION (AMENDMENT) BILL, 2022 by GoI.
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